[13], President of the United Packinghouse Workers of America Ralph Helstein arranged for Hayden to meet with Saul Alinsky. Prohibited from attending his own 1957 graduation, Hayden simply picked up his diploma and left high school behind, ready for college. [10], Convinced, in the words of the Statement, that students must "look outwards to the less exotic but more lasting struggles for justice," and with $5000 from United Automobile Workers, Hayden's first SDS initiative was the Economic Research and Action Project (ERAP). "[27] Staughton Lynd, though, was critical of the Port Huron and New Left concept of "participatory democracy", stating: "We must recognize that when an organization grows to a certain size, consensus decision-making is no longer possible, and some form of representative government becomes necessary. With the civil rights movement in full swing, Hayden accepted the offer and joined the Freedom Riders in Atlanta. [1] Hayden's dismay with Coughlin caused him to break with the Catholic Church as a teenager. A federal appeals court overturned the convictions, citing … the "Chicago Seven" after Bobby Seale's case was separated from the others. The demonstrations were broken up by what was later called by the U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence "a police riot". Hayden ignored the State Department’s travel prohibitions in order to witness Vietnam’s destruction firsthand, becoming one of the first Americans to visit wartime Hanoi in 1965. At the National Student Association convention in Minneapolis in August 1960, Hayden witnessed a dramatic intervention by Sandra Cason. This 64-page manifesto called for “participatory democracy,” through which his generation could truly have a voice. [14], Hayden committed himself to the effort. The 1968 riots in Chicago led by SDS radicals could be repeated this year. By William F. Jasper To Hayden, the three-day Democratic National Convention seemed like an ideal opportunity to “lance the tumor that Vietnam was in our lives.” Hundreds of activist organizations had met in the previous months to properly mobilize for the convention held from Aug. 26 to Aug. 29, 1968. [32] During this time, he was frequently protested by conservative groups, including Vietnamese refugees, veterans of the U.S. military and Young Americans for Freedom. He also traveled to the North Vietnam capital of Hanoi. The 1968 Chicago riots, in the United States, were sparked in part by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The Chicago 7 were a group of defendants accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot – alongside other charges linked to the anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in 1968. That doesn't mean that there can't be some attempts at remedies, but these should never be used as an excuse to stay."[44]. He was married to Jane Fonda for 17 years, and was the father of actor Troy Garity. While Hayden lost against California Senator John V. Tunney in 1976, he quickly picked himself up and successfully won a seat in the California Legislature in 1982 and held his seat for a decade. In early 1968, the National Mobilization Committee opened a Chicago office directed by Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden, who were leading political organizers at the time and former leaders of Students for a Democratic Society. Hayden was called to a meeting where, refusing any further concession, he clashed with Michael Harrington, as he later would with Irving Howe. The Chicago Eight included Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden, David Dellinger, Jerry Rubin, Lee Weiner, Rennie Davis, John Froines and Bobby Seale. Thomas Emmet Hayden (December 11, 1939 – October 23, 2016) was an American social and political activist, author, and politician. Michael Finnegan (October 23, 2016). [39] He also claimed that he never endorsed Sanders and only supported his campaign with the hopes that it would push Hillary towards the Left. Hayden was best known for his role as an anti-war and civil rights activist in the 1960s, authoring the Port Huron Statement and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case. The IPC, operating in Boston, New York, Detroit and Santa Clara, mobilized dissent against the Vietnam War and demanded unconditional amnesty for U.S. draft evaders, among other aims. With twenty-five years experience in Chicago and across the country, Alinsky was considered the father of community organizing. He was there to witness the 1967 Newark Riots which, in Rebellion in Newark (1967), he tried to place in a larger social and economic context. XIV No. Hayden taught numerous courses on social movements, two at Scripps College—one on the Long War and one on gangs in America—and a course called "From the '60s to the Obama Generation" at Pitzer College. 1968 Chicago Riot Left Mark On Political Protests Democrats are gathering for their national convention in Denver with the party divided and the country mired in an unpopular war. Here, we explore the true story that inspired Aaron Sorkin's 'The Trial of the Chicago 7,' which happened after the protests and riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The riot in question took place outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention — and it happened during an incredibly tense time in American history. [31], Hayden later served in the California State Assembly (1982–1992) and the State Senate (1992–2000). Countless people were injured during the protests. In 1970, the seven defendants were acquitted of conspiracy, but Davis and four others -- Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger and Hayden -- were convicted of inciting a riot and sentenced to five years in prison. While he continued to fight for progressive causes, Hayden began to view his youthful endeavors as “overly romantic.”, During the 50th anniversary of the Port Huron Statement, he admitted, “You don’t navigate challenges and remain unchanged. [23] The next year he married Fonda and they had one child, Troy Garity, born on July 7, 1973. Early Life & Education. Refined and adopted at the first Students for Democratic Society (SDS) convention in June 1962, the Port Huron Statement called for a "new left" committed, in the spirit of participatory democracy, to "deliberativeness, honesty [and] reflection. He spoke many times about the era that planted his name in the American consciousness as a radical firebrand, anti-Vietnam War protester and defendant in the Chicago … His involvement in the Chicago riots was centered around his intention to cross state lines to riot at the 1968 Democratic Convention in the wake of the Reverand Martin Luther King Jr.s assassination. Protesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. In later years, he ran for political office numerous times, winning seats in both the California Assembly and California Senate. [8], Tom Hayden was elected SDS president for the 1962–1963 academic year, but his wife Sandra Cason "Casey" Hayden left Ann Arbor, and left him, heeding the call to return to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Atlanta. denied, 410 U.S. 970, 93 S.Ct. Hayden's 1960s were a decade of dissent marked by civil rights sit-ins, anti-war marches, the Chicago riots and scenes of kids being tear-gassed and clubbed on American campuses. Though he was raised middle-class, his father was a violent drunk who divorced his wife when Hayden was 10. Oct. 2, 1969. ", McDowell, Manfred (2013), "A Step into America: The New Left Organizes the Neighborhood," New Politics Vol. [33] Student representation fees are used to support the operation of the Student Senate for California Community Colleges. Jane Fonda, a supporter of the IPC, later turned this moniker into a name for her film production firm, IPC Films, which produced in whole or in part, movies and documentaries such as F.T.A. Writing about Hayden's role in the 1960s New Left, Nicholas Lemann, national correspondent for The Atlantic, said that "Tom Hayden changed America", calling him "father to the largest mass protests in American history", and Richard N. Goodwin, who was a speechwriter for presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and John F. Kennedy, said that Hayden, "without even knowing it, inspired the Great Society. Bettmann/Getty ImagesProtesters clash with the National Guard during the August 1968 riots at the Democratic National Convention. By the time he was a senior, he was an editor of the college paper — and he had what he called a “summer of transformation.”. To a standing ovation she turned back a motion denying support for sit-ins in the struggle against racial segregation: “I cannot say to a person who suffers injustice, ‘Wait,’ And having decided that I cannot urge caution, I must stand with him.” Alan Haber of the fledgling Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) recruited her on the spot. However, none of them were found guilty of conspiracy. The Chicago Seven (originally Chicago Eight, also Conspiracy Eight/Conspiracy Seven) were seven defendants - Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Tom Hayden, Rennie Davis, John Froines, and Lee Weiner - charged with conspiracy, inciting to riot, and other charges related to countercultural protests that took place in Chicago, Illinois on the occasion of the 1968 … [1] When Hayden was 10, his parents divorced, and his mother raised him. The defendants were charged under provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which made it a federal crime to cross state lines to incite a riot. NetflixEddie Redmayne as Tom Hayden in the upcoming Netflix film The Trial of the Chicago 7. Soon riots began, primarily in black urban areas. Chicago Seven, group of political activists who were arrested for their antiwar activities during the August As a member of the State Assembly, Hayden introduced the bill that became Chapter 1238 of the California Statutes of 1987. During January 2008, Hayden wrote an opinion essay for The Huffington Post's website endorsing Barack Obama's presidential bid in the Democratic primaries. Godfrey Hodgson (October 27, 2016). “The Trial of the Chicago 7,” written by acclaimed screenwriter, Aaron Sorkin, tells the true story of the 8 men put on trial for inciting violence during the 1968 Chicago riots that followed the assassinations of JFK, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy. MOBE was an umbrella organization that included groups who were opposed to American participation in the Vietnam War. She later recalled that in contrast to the interminable debates she had witnessed in Ann Arbor, in SNCC discussions the focus was on action and women had a voice. We insist the term has lost all the specific content it once had. They also blamed seven other key activists who were involved. The Passing of a Legend: This is Kirsten, Rennie's wife. Communist Party USA and African Americans, World Socialist Party of the United States, Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee, Individualist anarchism in the United States, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, Student Senate for California Community Colleges, "Tom Hayden, preeminent 1960s political radical and antiwar protester, dies at 76", "Casey Hayden: Gender and the Origins of SNCC, SDS, and the Women's Liberation Movement", http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Resources/Primary/Manifestos/SDS_Port_Huron.html, https://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/SNCC/doc86A.htm, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/oct/27/tom-hayden-obituary, https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-tom-hayden-snap-story.html, "New Force on the Left: Tom Hayden and the Campaign Against Corporate America", "From Here to There: The Staughton Lynd Reader", "U.S. Study scores Chicago violence as "a police riot, "The Truth About My Trip To Hanoi - Jane Fonda", "Introduction to the Enemy (1974) Film: Vietnam Lesson:'Introduction to Enemy' From Jane Fonda", "Indochina Peace Campaign, Boston Office : Records, 1972-1975 | Joseph P. Healey Library", "IPC Films Production Company – filmography", "How the late Tom Hayden went from a fiery activist to a progressive lawmaker", "An Endorsement of the Movement Barack Obama Leads", "Progressive America Rising: Progressives For Obama", "Democratic National Committee Candidate List (Unofficial)", "With Great Respect for Tom Hayden, I Gotta Say: His Support for Hillary Clinton Makes Less and Less Sense the More He Tries to Explain It | HuffPost", "Statement from President Clinton and Secretary Clinton on the Passing of Tom Hayden", http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/9/18/tom-hayden-archivesuniversitymichigan.html, "Bring on the Iraq Syndrome: Tom Hayden in conversation with Theodore Hamm", "Tom Hayden, Civil Rights and Antiwar Activist Turned Lawmaker, Dies at 76", "Tom Hayden, 1960s radical who became champion of liberal causes, dies at 76", https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/171745800/tom-hayden, http://www.santamonicanext.org/2017/03/eternal-meadow-at-santa-monicas-woodlawn-cemetery-offers-greener-burial-options/, 1968 Democratic National Convention protests, William Kunstler: Disturbing the Universe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tom_Hayden&oldid=1006260855, Activists for African-American civil rights, Burials at Woodlawn Memorial Cemetery, Santa Monica, Members of Students for a Democratic Society (1960 organization), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 64-Page manifesto called for “ participatory Democracy, ” said Hayden Workers America. 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