That’s more evident than ever. Among the Plains Indians of North America, counting coup involved the winning of prestige against an enemy. Browse the list of 518 Political abbreviations with their meanings and definitions. Although the concept of a coup d'état has featured in politics since antiquity, the phrase is of relatively recent coinage;[7] the Oxford English Dictionary identifies it as a French expression meaning a "stroke of state". [1] Many scholars consider a coup d'état successful when the usurpers seize and hold power for at least seven days. 3. [32] A third 2016 study finds that coups become more likely in the wake of elections in autocracies when the results reveal electoral weakness for the incumbent autocrat. [25][27][28] Hybrid regimes are more vulnerable to coups than are very authoritarian states or democratic states. List of most popular Political terms updated in January 2021 [49] Research shows that some coup-proofing strategies reduce the risk of coups occurring. In what revolutionary tyrants call grand[s] coups d'état, as butchering, or poisoning, or drowning, en masse, they are exclusively employed. [66], Some research suggests that increased repression and violence typically follow both successful and unsuccessful coup attempts. The coup d'état (called golpe de estado in Spanish) was more common in Spain and South America, while the pronunciamiento was more common in Central America and Mexico. Putsch was used as disinformation by Hitler and other Nazi party members to falsely claim that he had to suppress a reactionary coup during the Night of the Long Knives. Specific military garrisons are the sparking factor for a larger military revolt against the government. adj. [76], "Coup" and "Counter-coup" redirect here. [20] New dictatorships launched by coups engage in higher levels of repression in the year that follows the coup than existed in the year leading to the coup. John J. Chin, David B. Carter & Joseph G. Wright. The word political comes from the Greek word polis which means city or state and is close in meaning to the Latin res publica which became republic. Correctional officer. A 2003 review of the academic literature found that the following factors were associated with coups: The literature review in a 2016 study includes mentions of ethnic factionalism, supportive foreign governments, leader inexperience, slow growth, commodity price shocks, and poverty. The authors of the study provide the following logic for why this is: "Autocratic incumbents invested in spatial rivalries need to strengthen the military in order to compete with a foreign adversary. [70], The international community tends to react adversely to coups by reducing aid and imposing sanctions. See more. [63] Part of the rationale for Civilian-based defense is to deter coups and to defeat them if they occur. Human brains aren’t built for self-rule, says Shawn Rosenberg. To prevent such a desperate counter-coup that may be more successful than the initial attempt, governments usually resort to firing prominent officers and replacing them with loyalists instead. Contrary to what Speaker … According to legal scholar Ilya Somin a coup to forcibly overthrow democratic government might be sometimes justified. In a coup, it is the military, paramilitary, or opposing political faction that deposes the current government and assumes power; whereas, in the pronunciamiento, the military deposes the existing government and installs an ostensibly civilian government. [43], A 2019 study found that regional rebellions made coups by the military more likely. [50][51] However, coup-proofing reduces military effectiveness,[52][53][54] and limits the rents that an incumbent can extract. The definition of a coup is a political uprising in which power changes hands or a successful strategic move. A "barracks revolt" or cuartelazo is also a term for military revolt, from the Spanish term cuartel ("quarter" or "barracks"). Europe has experienced by far the fewest coup attempts: 2.6%. a seeker or holder of public office, who is more concerned about winning favor or retaining power than about maintaining principles. A coup d'etat is the illegal, often violent overthrow of an existing government or leader by a small group. A 2015 study finds that "coups against democracies, coups after the Cold War, and coups in states heavily integrated into the international community are all more likely to elicit global reaction. The coup d'etat, also known as coup, is typically an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power conducted by a dictator, a guerrilla military force, or an opposing political faction. Unlike a revolution, which is usually achieved by large numbers of people working for basic social, economic, and political change, a coup is a change in power from the top that merely results in the abrupt replacement of leading government personnel. Among certain Native American peoples, a feat of bravery performed in battle, especially the touching of an enemy's body without causing injury. The phrase coup d'état comes from French coup d'État, literally meaning a "state stroke", a "blow against the state". But, with this list of political terms you’ll soon be part of the conversation. The authors argue that military academies make it easier for military officers to plan coups, as the schools build networks among military officers. Politics are confusing, scary, overwhelming, intimidating. "[71] Another 2015 study shows that coups are the strongest predictor for the imposition of democratic sanctions. The term "political cue" is one that has a different meaning for political professionals than members of the voting public. [35] One study found that coups are more likely to occur in states with small populations, as there are smaller coordination problems for coup-plotters. The responsibilities of the role may differ across organizations. Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. [19] A 2016 study found that democracies were installed in 12% of Cold War coups and 40% of the post-Cold War coups. Of, relating to, or dealing with the structure or affairs of government, politics, or the state: a political system. [59] A 2019 study in Conflict Management and Peace Science found that personalist dictatorships are more likely to take coup-proofing measures than other authoritarian regimes; the authors argue that this is because "personalists are characterized by weak institutions and narrow support bases, a lack of unifying ideologies and informal links to the ruler. "[31] Another 2016 study shows that protests increase the risk of coups, presumably because they ease coordination obstacles among coup plotters and make international actors less likely to punish coup leaders. In French, the word État (French: [eta]) is capitalized when it denotes a sovereign political entity.[2][3][4][5][6]. politics meaning: 1. the activities of the government, members of law-making organizations, or people who try to…. Political economists study how economic theories such as capitalism, socialism, and communism work in the real world.At its root, any economic … The COO often implements strategies and projects, manages periods of change, and oversees day-to-day operations. During periods of economic expansion, elections reduced the likelihood of coup attempts, whereas elections during economic crises increased the likelihood of coup attempts. In French, the word État (French: [eta]) is capitalized when it denotes a sovereign political entity. Politics definition: Politics are the actions or activities concerned with achieving and using power in a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Political corruption is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. A sudden appropriation of leadership or power; a takeover: a boardroom coup. [60] A 2014 study found that 40% of post-Cold War coups were successful. The term “political cue” generally means a piece of information that helps a person decide how to vote. [30] A 2016 study finds that there is an ethnic component to coups: "When leaders attempt to build ethnic armies, or dismantle those created by their predecessors, they provoke violent resistance from military officers. "[1] Most coup attempts occurred in the mid-1960s, but there were also large numbers of coup attempts in the mid-1970s and the early-1990s. [72] A third 2015 study finds that Western states react strongest against coups of possible democratic and human rights abuses. Institutions, conflict, and the military's role in politics", "Will Turkey's coup attempt prompt others nearby? [75], According to a 2020 study, coups increase the cost of borrowing and increase the likelihood of sovereign default. This best-selling dictionary contains over 1,700 entries on all aspects of politics. 1. A 2014 study found that "coups promote democratization, particularly among states that are least likely to democratize otherwise". "[41] The study argues that states which have onshore oil wealth tend to build up their military to protect the oil, whereas states do not do that for offshore oil wealth. Military Academies and Coup Risk", "War Makes the Regime: Regional Rebellions and Political Militarization Worldwide", "Military purges and the recurrence of civil conflict", "Soldiers or politicians? Among the Plains Indians of North America, counting coup involved the winning of prestige against an enemy. If it starts the mass killing of elements of the army, including officers who were not involved in the coup, this may trigger a "counter-coup" by soldiers who are afraid they will be next. Typically, it is an illegal, unconstitutional seizure of power by a political faction, the military, or a dictator. An example of a coup is when rebels overthrow the government. 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